PROPERTY TAX APPEAL WORKSHOP
The Cook County Board of Review has opened for the filing of 2014 Niles Township assessed value appeals. The filing deadline is December 30, 2014.
There will be a property tax appeals seminar:
Thursday, December 18, 2014
6:30pm to 8:00pm
Skokie Public Library – Auditorium
5215 Oakton Street, Skokie
COOK COUNTY COMMISSIONER LARRY SUFFREDIN’S STATEMENT ON THE 2014-2018 TERM
On December 1st, I will begin my fourth term as a Cook County Commissioner and a Cook County Forest Preserve Commissioner. Along with the other 16 Commissioners, we will be the legislative authority of the largest County in Illinois. The new Board is a group of talented people with diverse and independent ideas to improve the County and I am excited about our potential.
However, in order for Cook County to move forward, it is crucial that we have an independent Board that cooperates with the President of the County Board and other elected County officials.
As a Board we must take responsibility to develop plans that respect the taxpayers of the County; deal with violence in our neighborhoods; strengthen health care; and treat fairly our Cook County employees’ pensions. To accomplish this I suggest the following:
- Stop blaming Todd Stroger for every Cook County problem. He has been gone for four years and the problems of criminal justice reform, healthcare delivery and proper funding of employees pensions are ours to solve.
- Keep our residents truthfully informed about all aspects of the County, especially the need for additional revenues in the coming months to stabilize pensions, healthcare and criminal justice. Cook County government is often described as “stealth government “because few really know what we do and how we spend Tax dollars. We must become better known and understood.
- Take responsibility for the operating budget of over $ 3 Billion by explaining the actual cost of:
- running the largest local government public hospital and clinic system in Illinois with over 1 million patient appointments and visits a year;
- funding the largest court system in the United States with more cases filed and disposed of each year than most states;
- running the largest single site jail in Illinois with nearly 10,000 daily pre-trial detainees;
- funding the government for 5.25 million people in the second largest county in the United States;
- running fair elections in suburban Cook County for over 2.5 million people;
- recording birth and death certificates and property records;
- assessing the value for tax purposes of over 1.8 million parcels of real estate;
- collecting real estate taxes to fund all municipalities and local governments in Cook County;
- Maintaining 1,474 miles of highway, 130 bridges and 332 traffic signals; and
- Paying our pension and salary obligations to over 22,000 employees and retirees.
- Making our responsibilities as Cook County Forest Preserve Commissioners a priority. We are celebrating 100 years of the Forest Preserve District’s protection of 69,000 plus acres of remarkable sites. We must set the priorities for the next 100 years that focus on conservation.
Finally, and most importantly, the fair and legal solution to our pension obligation needs to be our top priority. The anticipated retirement of hundreds of County workers upon passage of a pension plan will drastically effect how the County operates. Solving our pension obligations will help us properly fund all other operations of the County.
This new Cook County Board has the talent to solve all our problems and to make our citizens proud. I am looking forward to starting the new term.
The Forest Preserves of Cook County will begin the removal of trees impacted by the Emerald Ash Borer in the Skokie Division. Tree removals are being completed along bike and horse trails from Dundee Rd to Lake Ave, along the North Branch trail system.
The Preserve is only removing trees that pose a potential hazard for the general public and the users of Skokie Lagoons.
The trees to be removed have been marked with orange "Xs" along the bike and horse trails. Signs have been posted intermittently along the trails explaining the "X" on the trees and providing a contact number for questions, as well as directing users to the Cook County Forest Preserve website since the time that the trees were marked.
The website also has a dedicated Emerald Ash Borer page - http://fpdcc.com/eab-infestation for more information.
They will be updating the FPCC website with project progress at the following link: https://www.google.com/fusiontables/DataSource?docid=1beJ1XMm-eXH6TzBe6qnBM__4CU9J_117GrcJclsi#rows:id=1
If you have any questions or concerns contact: John McCabe, Deputy Director of Resource Management at email@example.com or contact the Department of Resource Management directly at 708-771-1180/1335.
Commissioner Larry Suffredin's Statement on the Passage of the 2015 Cook County Budget
On November 14, 2014, the Cook County Board passed the 2015 Budget. For the first time, I voted against the overall budget. I did this because the budget was not transparent enough and it hid serious structural flaws that postpone serious funding deficits until next year.
This budget contains no new taxes, fees or fines. It does signal that significant revenue increases will be necessary next year to meet our healthcare and pension needs. Postponing bad news does not eliminate it. There is no planning for next year built into this election year budget. Transparency requires that I warn people of the coming budget storm. The failure to 1) properly address our increasing jail population, 2) shore up CountyCare; and 3) stabilize our government in the face of pension changes will have a profound impact on the future of Cook County.
A year ago, I hailed a budget that showed promise to save money and provide quality service. It was a sea change for Cook County; making Public Safety the cornerstone of the budget rather than Healthcare.
Unfortunately, this change did not work. I had hoped that today I would be reporting to you that we had reduced crime and made progress on reducing recidivism. Instead, I report to you that much more work is needed.
I offered amendments and ideas to strengthen our commitment to expanding successful pretrial service programs and diversion programs run by the Chief Judge and supported by the best efforts of the State's Attorney, Public Defender and Sheriff. Those efforts failed.
Our Pretrial Services have saved the County millions of dollars and caused thousands of individuals to be put on supervised bail release. These efforts cause a reduction of the jail population where we warehouse too many mentally ill and drug dependent people. Furthermore, these efforts cause successful supervision of people on bail bonds who are able to get the mental health and drug treatment they need to straighten their life out.
Failure to properly fund Pretrial Services and diversion programs costs Cook County taxpayers. While I expect to pass a resolution to study this issue during the next year, any real savings will not happen until 2016.
A year ago, I reported our great success at the Cook County Health and Hospital System with the Affordable Care Act and the 1115 Waiver. The 1115 Waiver allowed us to create County Care, a program that allowed us to enroll new Medicaid qualified patients a year early, allowing us to increase revenue by almost $700 million in 2014. These patients were previously being treated at the expense of Cook County taxpayers.
Today, for the first time in the history of our Health System, more than 50% of our patients are covered by some form of insurance. But with these changes come new challenges, as federal eligibility rules and private insurance payment requirements strain our staff resources. I do not believe this budget puts enough resources into recovering every last dollar earned, and therefore we will face a potential deficit in 2016 driven by increasing costs and reduced payments. For example, many of our newly insurance covered patients have very high deductibles. Cook County will not get paid until theses deductibles are met. I have introduced a resolution which will let us develop strategies to help patients meet their deductibles so we can maximize our reimbursement.
While Pretrial Services and the Health System is a priority, the largest financial issue facing us is the need to increase pension payments and plan for changes caused by the anticipated large number of retirements in key jobs at the Health System and in the Sheriff's Office.
On the Pension payment front, even the best scenario projects that we would need an increase in payments of $160 million in 2015. What the final number will be is dependent on what the Illinois Supreme Court does in ruling on the constitutionality of the State pension bill and what changes the Illinois General Assembly passes. I tried to increase our pension payments this year but was met with strong resistance. I was able to get a reserve fund established that may or may not have enough money in it to make an extra payment this year.
Besides the Pension payment issue the other looming problem is that any changes in the pension law will cause significant increases in retirements. It is estimated that up to 1500 employees in the health system and 500 employees in the Sheriff's Office would retire the day any County pension bill passes the General Assembly. There is no plan in this budget to deal with these massive retirements. Any change at the Health System and Sheriff's office staffing puts the County at financial risk for not meeting minimum staffing requirements under Court orders and federal rules.
Finally, I voted "No" on this budget because I respect our County taxpayers and our County employees. I know how hard our taxpayers work and we must protect their pocketbooks, health and safety. Our workers are the best and they deserve a budget that supports their efforts and guarantees them a fair pension.
I voted "No" because someone has to point out the future has many land mines that that can destroy the many good things the County has done in the last four years. We must plan for our economic future and face our battles in pensions, public safety, and healthcare immediately. This budget does not do that.
Commissioner Larry Suffredin's Statement on the Passage of the 2015 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Budget
On November 19, 2014 the Cook County Forest Preserve District Board unanimously passed a $187.7 million budget. This budget only received positive comments through three public hearings with the strongest support coming from various citizens who use the Forests for recreation, restoration and educational activities.
In this Centennial year of the Forest Preserve District this Budget provides: 1. support and encouragement for our volunteers; 2. resources for our staff; 3. restoration opportunities for our land; 4. strategies to acquire additional land; 5.improvements in recreational opportunities; and 6.expansion of intern opportunities.
This Budget also supports the new activities of the Conservation Council appointed and approved at the November 18, 2014 Board meeting. Lead by Chair Wendy Paulson and including the following members: Robert Casteneda, Michael DeSantiago, Peter Ellis, Terry Guen, Sylvia Jenkins, Falona Joy, Linda Mastandrea, Laurel Ross and Mark Templeton. This Council will help us plan for the next 100 years.
The Budget also continues our support of the Chicago Botanic Garden and the Brookfield Zoo. These two jewels anchor our outreach and educational programming. As this year goes on, there is a need to develop plans to help the Garden and the Zoo expand their positive programming.
Dwight Perkins and the Citizens’ Advisory Group he formed over 100 years ago would be proud that this Budget is true to their vision of a Forest Preserve District.
Circuit Court of Cook County Elder Justice Center
Free Senior Enrichment Seminar Series:
11/24/2014 "Debt Collection and Seniors"
12:00 to 1:00
Richard J. Daley Center
50 West Washington Chicago (concourse level)
To register contact the Circuit Court of Cook County Elder Justice Center (312) 603-9233
2040 Long Range Transportation Plan.
The Cook County Department of Transportation and Highways' long range transportation effort, Connecting Cook County is underway. There will be a MetroQuest Kiosk at the Winnetka-Northfield Library, 768 Oak Street in Winnetka during the month of November. Weigh in and provide input on transportation priorities in person at the kiosk or fill out the survey online by clicking here
Stay healthy this flu season by getting a flu shot.
Seasonal influenza, or flu, is a contagious respiratory illness that can cause mild to severe illness. The Cook County Department of Public Health (CCDPH) and Cook County Health & Hospitals System (CCHHS) recommend everyone six months of age and older receive a flu shot.
"Residents should contact their healthcare provider or visit their local pharmacy to get a flu shot," said CCDPH COO Dr. Terry Mason. "A flu shot or nasal-spray flu vaccine is the most effective way to protect against the flu virus and now is the best time to get it to be protected the entire season which typically runs through May."
Flu is a virus that affects the respiratory system and is spread primarily when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Symptoms of the flu virus include fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, headache, muscle aches and fatigue. While the flu can be particularly dangerous to the elderly or people with chronic illness who can't fight the debilitating effects of the virus, anyone can get the flu.
"Every flu season is different, and influenza infection can affect people differently," said Dr. Sharon Welbel, CCHHS Director of Hospital Epidemiology and Infectious Control. "While much of the attention has been on Ebola and Enterovirus D68, influenza is a serious disease that will affect more people and can range from mild to life-threatening."
In addition to getting vaccinated, residents should practice the three C's to limit the spread of any illness:
Clean – properly wash your hands frequently
Cover – cover your cough and sneeze
Contain – contain your germs by staying home if you are sick
The 2014-2015 flu vaccine will protect against three influenza viruses that research indicates will be most common during this season: influenza A (H1N1) virus, influenza A (H3N2) virus and influenza B virus.
According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC), seven influenza vaccine manufacturers projected that as many as 151 million to 159 million doses of influenza vaccine will be available for use in the United States during the 2014-2015 influenza season.
While some companies have experienced early season shipping delays, manufacturers anticipate the majority of their flu vaccines will be distributed by the end of October, according to the CDC. While this is slightly later than vaccine was shipped last year, it is not an unusual pattern for seasonal flu vaccine distribution overall.
The Cook County Health & Hospitals System provides flu shots at its hospitals and health centers. For a full list of CCHHS health centers, please visit www.cookcountyhhs.org.
Vaccine is available at your local pharmacy, family doctor and grocery stores throughout suburban Cook County. For more information on influenza or to use the vaccine finder, please visit www.cookcountypublichealth.org/flu.
Watch for CCDPH seasonal influenza updates on facebook/ccdph and twitter/@cookcohealth.
UPDATE on the redevelopment of old Cook County Hospital
Five civic organizations presented their visions for the site at the Chicago Architecture Foundation on Tuesday October 7, 2014
To watch a video of the presentation click here.
There were several suggestions for the hospital: residential lofts, a hotel and a business incubator. These ideas will now be used to assist potential developers when they present their plans for the hospital site.
The county is expected to seek developer proposals this fall.
Meet the new Cook County Health and Hospitals System Board Members:
Ricardo EstradaTo read their biographies click here
Ada Mary Gugenheim
New Hiking-Biking Trail Links Botanic Garden And Forest Preserve
The one-mile link through the Chicago Botanic Garden and the Cook County Forest Preserve District's Turnbull Woods is now open. The $2 million project was funded jointly by the Botanic Garden,the Forest Preserve District and the Illinois Department of Transportation.
Why not bike to the garden? It uses no fuel and saves you from paying for parking.
For a details and a map click here.
WINNETKA TOWER ROAD PROJECT: NEW CULVERT COMING TO WINNETKA
The 170-acre drainage area north of Tower Road and bordered by Gordon Terrace on the east and the Skokie River to the west, currently drains into the Cook County Forest Preserve pond on the southeast corner of Tower Road and Forestway Drive.
There will be larger storm water pipes placed underneath Tower Road to increase capacity and a new culvert, which will allow more storm water to be stored in the Forest Preserve pond. The village of Winnetka received approval from the Forest Preserve to increase capacity to the pond in June of 2014. As part of the approval, the Forest Preserve requested the village of Winnetka restore the highly eroded east bank of the pond. The Forest Preserve property just east of the pond, which has been maintained by some homeowners, will be returned to its native prairie state, which should help with flood control.
Construction should begin in mid-September and be completed by spring 2015.To view the Landscape Plan for the Winnetka Tower Road project click here.
The Chicago Botanic Garden Annual Report: Click HERE
In late June, The Chicago Botanic Garden published the Garden's 2013 Annual Report and launched their updated "Keep Growing" ten-year strategic plan website.
Discover what happened at your Garden last year, learn what the future holds, and enjoy a video that sums it all up.
13th District Office Spending
Cook County Commissioner Larry Suffredin is committed to sound fiscal management at Cook County. The office has efficiently provided all services necessary for our constituents. As such, his office has always spent less than its budgeted amount for operations and has returned the following amounts to the Cook County General Operations Fund:
2013 - $19,817
2012 – $38,788
2011 – $51,977
Source: Cook County Office of Budget and Management
Commissioner Suffredin's Statement on the Passage of the 2014 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Budget
100 years ago, Dwight H. Perkins, an Evanston resident, was a leader in starting the forest preserve movement. His efforts have given us the greatest jewel of open space found anywhere in the United States of America.
The Forest Preserve District of Cook County's budget of $179 million passed on December 2, 2013. The budget gives support to the Chicago Botanic Garden, the Brookfield Zoo and the work of restoration of our 69,000 acres.
The Forest Preserve District of Cook County is home to the most committed volunteers who make our land better and preserve it for future generations. 100 years from now, I hope people will say our efforts saved this precious open space.
Commissioner Suffredin's Statement on 2014 Cook County Budget
On Friday, November 8, 2013 the Cook County Board passed the FY 2014 budget. This budget is a sea change for the county because it changes focus from health care services and cost to public safety services and costs.
The Affordable Healthcare Act has given the county the unique opportunity to sign up new patients with Medicaid payments. The leadership of the independent health board and Dr. Ram Raju has stabilized the healthcare budget and service delivery. The new budget cuts the taxpayer subsidy in half and returns $72 million to the general revenue fund. With the 1115 waiver payments for the over 115,000 new patients the Health and Hospital System will be operating in the black.
The new budget puts a new emphasis on the Public Safety sector. As violence continues to take control of many of our communities, we must better use resources to protect our citizens and keep families safe. Cook County has the largest court system and jail in the United States and therefore is at the center of any programs to reduce crime and end recidivism. This budget gives us the opportunity to develop programs that the nation will follow.
Finally, this budget does not contain any new taxes, fees or fines.
COOK COUNTY COMMISSIONERS REPRESENTING EVANSTON, LEYDEN, NEW TRIER, NILES, NORTHFIELD, NORWOOD PARK, MAINE, OAK PARK AND RIVER FOREST TOWNSHIPS APPOINT EXPERIENCED TRANSIT PROFESSIONAL JOHN PLANTE TO THE METRA BOARD OF DIRECTORS
Cook County Commissioners Earlean Collins, Peter Silvestri, Gregg Goslin, Elizabeth Gorman, Larry Suffredin and Jeffrey Tobolski today unanimously appointed John Plante to the METRA board of directors' district representing Evanston, Leyden, New Trier, Niles, Northfield, Norwood Park, Maine, Oak Park and River Forest Townships. Mr. Plante will replace retiring METRA board member William Widmer.
Mr. Plante has extensive transportation experience from serving in a variety of capacities over a 35 year career with the Chicago Transit Authority ("CTA.") Most recently, Mr. Plante served as the Senior Manager for System Safety Emergency Preparedness for the CTA. In that capacity, Mr. Plante coordinated the CTA's planning and training for responding to emergencies. He updated CTA's's Rail System Safety Program Plan, the Bus System Safety Program Plan, the Safety Rule Book and construction safety manuals. Following the September 11, 2011 attacks, Mr. Plante coordinated the agencies' security efforts, leading to his accreditation as a Professional Emergency Manager by the State of Illinois in 2008.
Mr. Plante has served as the Chairman the Chicago Regional Transit Security Working Group, Co-Chairman of the Regional Catastrophic Planning Team Transportation Committee, Member of the Chicago Urban Area Working Group, Illinois Terrorism Task Force Transportation Committee and the committee's Evacuation Planning/Implementation Working Group, the Chicago Local Emergency Planning Committee and the Chicago Bio Watch Advisory Council.
Prior to serving as a Senior Manager, Mr. Plante worked as the Managing Attorney for the CTA's Risk Management, Claims and Law divisions, where he learned first-hand the necessity of effective risk-management policies and procedures.
Mr. Plante is heavily involved with the America Public Transportation Association, serving on its board of directors from 2011-2012. He has served as chair of the Risk Management Committee from 2009-2012 and sat on the Legislative and Safety Coordinating Committees. Furthermore, Mr. Plante worked on the association's Security and Emergency Preparedness Standards Development Program and Emergency Preparedness Technical forums.
Cook County Commissioner Suffredin stated, "Out of a field of 14 highly qualified individuals, John Plante emerged as the clear choice. John has the experience and skills to ensure that METRA has what it needs to prevail over its difficulties. His emergency preparedness work and legal background will help METRA to work through its current problems and foresee any potential future problems. He is an excellent choice."
Regional Transportation Authority Audit: A Forensic Analysis of Mr. Clifford's Claims Against Metra
To read the Audit, please click HERE
COOK COUNTY MORTGAGE FORECLOSURE MEDIATION PROGRAM REPORT
The June 2013 progress report of the Mortgage Foreclosure Mediation Program prepared by the Honorable Timothy C. Evans, Chief Judge of the Circuit Court of Cook County and the Honorable Moshe Jacobius, Presiding Judge of the Chancery Division can be accessed here
FEDERAL FUNDING AVAILABLE FOR ELIGBILE FLOOD-RELATED DAMAGE
The U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) announced that as a result of the April 18, 2013 storm, President Obama has declared all of Cook County (and other Illinois counties), including Evanston, a federal disaster area. Aid has been made available to the State of Illinois and its residents and federal aid has been ordered to supplement state and local recovery efforts.
Individuals and business owners in Evanston affected by the late April flooding and storms are eligible to apply for grants for temporary housing and home repairs, and low-interest loans for uninsured property losses. To apply, you must register at www.disasterassistance.gov or by calling 1-800-621-3362. The number for the hearing and speech impaired is 1-800-462-7585. Both numbers will operate from 7:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m., seven days a week.
Applicants registering for aid should be prepared to provide basic information about themselves (name, permanent address, phone number), insurance coverage and any other information to help substantiate losses. For more details on the FEMA disaster declaration applicable to Cook County and northeast Illinois, please click here.
STATEMENT OF COOK COUNTY COMMISSIONER LARRY SUFFREDIN ON CONCEALED CARRY
Does Illinois need more guns in public settings to insure the public safety? The answer to this question is no. There are enough guns in the hands of trained law enforcement and security personnel to insure the safety of our citizens in public settings. What Illinois must do is show that its current restrictions are reasonable and do protect the public. Illinois needs to restate its existing law to meet the standards of recent Supreme Court cases. Illinois must not surrender its police powers to those who want unlimited access to firearms.
The debate today is caused by a reading of what Illinois must do under the Seventh Circuit's ruling in Moore, et al v. Lisa Madigan. The decision is still subject to possible Supreme Court Review. It does not require Illinois to do anything specific; but the Seventh Circuit stayed its mandate to allow the General Assembly 180 days "…to craft a new gun law that will impose reasonable limitations, consistent with the public safety, and the Second Amendment as interpreted in this opinion, on the carrying of guns in public." The majority opinion clearly outlines how Illinois could more clearly state the reasonableness of its current law and craft changes that would allow for very little change to our current law and would protect the public safety by limiting who and where guns could be allowed.
In addition, the Moore case was decided 2 to I with a strong dissent from Circuit Judge Ann Williams upholding existing Illinois law. Judge Williams stated: "In the absence of clearer indication that the Second Amendment codified a generally recognized right to carry arms in public for self-defense, I would leave this judgment in the hands of the State of Illinois." The Supreme Court is as likely to adopt this standard as that of the majority. Therefore, the General Assembly should stand its ground and defend the existing law and see what the Supreme Court decides.
Unfortunately, there is no political will to wait to see what the Supreme Court will decide. The discussion concerning "concealed carry" that the Illinois General Assembly is conducting demonstrates that expanding concealed carry beyond trained law enforcement and security personnel will only endanger more and not strengthen the overall public safety. A new Kaiser Health Tracking Poll "found one in five Americans knows someone who has been a victim of gun violence in the last three years." The explosion of violence especially in public places will not be contained by giving more people guns.
The General Assembly is reviewing bills and amendments that would allow "concealed carry" to those who have significant training, mental health background checks, insurance and an identifiable need for extra protection. Each of these conditions will put an unmanageable financial strain on a state government that is having difficulty providing basic services to its residents.
In addition, the bills and amendments also highlight places where an individual can't have a concealed carry weapon. These places include: places of worship, hospitals, public transit systems, sports stadiums, public museums, government buildings, courts, mental health facilities, entertainment venues and schools at all levels of education. How will the State enforce these limitations? Will the State provide gun check stations at every place of worship, hospital, transit stop, sports stadium, public museum, government building, court, mental health facility, entertainment venue and school?
Who will pay for these gun check stations?
Illinois has had concealed carry by law enforcement and trained security personnel for years. The debate today should not center on "all individuals" being able to have a concealed weapon but on restating the solid reasons for Illinois continuing to be the only sane state to limit concealed carry.
As a County Commissioner I have no ability to directly shape the concealed carry discussion since it is the General Assembly that must decide. As a County Commissioner I do see the effects of gun violence everyday in our Cook County Hospital System, at our Medical Examiner's Office and in our Court system. Gun violence costs Cook County taxpayers millions of dollars a year. At the County level I have sponsored into law the Blair Holt Assault Weapons Ban and the required reporting of Lost, Stolen or Transferred Firearms to prohibit straw purchases of guns.
An opinion piece by Cook County Commissioner Larry Suffredin.
Decoding Cook County Property Tax
2010-2011 TIF District Revenue Summary
read summary (Adobe acrobat .pdf)
Cook County Board President Appoints Dr. Stephen J. Cina Chief Medical Examiner
Please find announcement and C.V. below:
read announcement (Adobe acrobat .pdf)
Report of the Justice Advisory Council
read the report (Adobe acrobat .pdf)
Report on the Office of Tax Administrator
Commissioner Suffredin sponsored a resolution requesting close cooperation between offices that oversee property taxes in Cook County. This resolution has done much. Please see the following report for more details.
read report (Adobe acrobat .pdf)
Harms Road & Kenilworth Construction
In Summer 2012 the Cook County Highway Department begins construction on Harms Road from north of Golf Road to south of East Lake Avenue.
read flyer (Adobe acrobat .pdf)
Cook County Completes 2010 Census Redistricting
click here to view map (Adobe Acrobat .pdf)
click here to view Report of the Committee on 2010 Census Redistricting (Adobe Acrobat .pdf)
Unincorporated Cook County Task Force Recommendations
click here to read the Adobe Acrobat .pdf